Hispines of the World

 

Octhispa Chapuis 1877: 23

 

Synonomys

 

Uroplata (Octhispa) Chapuis.

Oethispa (misspelling).

Type Species

 

Uroplata (Octhispa) fossulata Chapuis.

Diagnosis

 

Octhispa can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • the lateral margins of the pronotum and the elytra without long, stiff spines
  • the head without a frontal horn, sulcus present on outer margin of each eye
  • the pronotum with a seta in each anterior angle
  • the apex of the elytra without a tooth-like projection
  • the elytra with 8 rows of punctures for entire length plus a short scutellar row; with 3 regular costae, humerus may have tooth, lateral and apical margins dentate
  • the antennae thickened at apex, slightly clavate, with 8-antennomeres
  • the prosternum does not expand anteriorly to partly cover the mouth

Description

 

Body moderately attenuate or very narrow.

Head: small; eye slightly prominent; vertex with medial sulcus; sulcus present on outer margin of eye; clypeus prominent, punctate.

Antenna: moderately long or short, with 8‑antennomeres, more or less clavate; apical antennomere rounded, middle antennomeres compressed laterally.

Pronotum: narrowed anteriorly; basal impression present; punctate.

Scutellum: quadrangular, angle rounded.

Elytron: humerus may have large tooth; lateral and apical margins dentate; with 8 rows of punctures plus scutellar row; tricostate; apex rounded, emarginate or truncate.

Distribution

 

Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Honduras, México, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Venezuela.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 98 (Staines 2012). Key: Monrós & Viana 1947; Staines 1996(1997).

Hosts

 

Adenocalymma,Pithecoctenium (Bignoniaceae); Ochroma (Bombacaceae); Cordia (Boraginaceae); Calopogonium, Dioclea, Inga (Fabaceae); Byrsonima, Stigmaphyllum (Malphigiaceae); Coccoloba (Polygonaceae); Colubrina (Rhamnaceae); Serjania, Paullinia (Sapindaceae).

References

 

Chapuis, F. 1877. Especes inédites de la tribu des hispides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 20:1‑33, 47-57.

Monrós, F. & M. J. Viana. 1947. Revisión sistemática de los Hispidae Argentinos (Insecta, Coleop. Chrysomeloid.). Anales del Museo Argentino Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" 42:125-324.

Staines, C. L. 1996(1997). The Hispinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) of Nicaragua. Revista Nicaragüense de Entomología 37/38:1-65.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Chalepini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

 

Content last updated April 2014
idtools.org