Hispines of the World

 

Jambhala Wuermli 1975b: 377

 

Synonomys

 

None.

Type Species

 

Jambhala nekula Würmli.

Diagnosis

 

Jambhala can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • lateral margin of pronotum and elytra with long, stiff spines
  • antennomere 1 without spine
  • pronotum with anterior margin with bifurcate spine on each side
  • elytra expanding apically, disc with spines, humerus with 4 to 5 saw-like teeth
  • tarsal claws not fused, symmetrical

Description

 

Body broad; subconvex; color reddish-yellow with black spines and black spot at base of each spine; total length 4.7 to 5.3 mm.

Head: wide; convex; vertex finely punctate, with medial sulcus; eye large, convex.

Antenna: more than ½ body length; filiform; with 11-antennomeres; antennomere 1 incrassate, 2½x length of 2, without spine; 2 obconic; 3 to 10 cylindrical, decreasing in length; 11 1½x length of 10, bluntly pointed at apex.

Pronotum: transverse; lateral margin sinuate, with 3 spines on a common base (3); anterior angle rounded; anterior margin curved forward, with bifurcate spine on each side; posterior angle acute; posterior margin weakly bisinuate; surface finely punctate, finely setose.

Scutellum: broadly triangular.

Elytron: lateral margin expanding apically, with large and small spines; exterior apical angle and apical margin rounded, irregularly serrate; humerus rounded, produced, with 4 to 5 saw-like lateral and backwardly-curved teeth; with 10 rows of punctures plus scutellar row at base, expanding to 14 rows; disc with spines; surface glabrous.

Leg: long; slender; mesotibia straight; tarsal claws not fused, symmetrical.

Distribution

 

Bhutan, Nepal.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 1- Jambhala nekula Würmli (Staines 2012).

Hosts

 

Unknown.

References

 

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Hispini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

Würmli, M. 1975b. Ergebnisse der Bhutan-Expedition 1972 des Naturhistorischen Museums in Basel Coleoptera: Fam. Chrysomelidae Subf. Hispinae. Entomologica Basiliensia 1:371-381.

 

last updated April 2014
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