Hispines of the World

 

Hispodonta Baly 1858: 78

 

Synonomys

 

Spilispa Chapuis 1875: 285.

Type Species

 

Hispodonta nigricornis Baly.

Diagnosis

 

Hispodonta can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • body elongate, flattened
  • lateral margin of pronotum and elytra without long, stiff spines
  • pronotum with seta in each posterior angle, anterior angle distinctly rounded
  • elytra with scutellar row of punctures
  • antennomere 3 at least 3x as long as 2
  • tarsomere 2 concealed by setae of tarsomere 3

Description

 

Body elongate, oval; flattened; color variable from orange to metallic blue; 6.5 to 15 mm in length.

Head: large; with triangular projection between antennal bases; labrum large; maxillary palps very long, palpomere 1 short, 2 elongate, claviform, 3 oblong, ½ length of 2, 4 shorter than 2, sharply pointed at apex; eye oval, convex.

Antenna: ½ body length; filiform; antennomere 1 subglobose; 2 short; 3 3x length of 2; 4 to 10 cylindrical, subequal in length; 11 longer than 10, pointed at apex.

Pronotum: subquadrate; lateral margin rounded; anterior angle rounded; anterior margin straight; posterior margin bisinuate; posterior angle acute.

Scutellum: pentagonal.

Elytron: oblong, oval; flattened along suture; lateral and apical margin expanded, laminate; with 10 rows of punctures plus short scutellar row, rows 1 to 4 regular, rows 6 to 10 confused; no costae.

Venter: prosternum dilated apically; mesosternum long, rounded apically; suture between abdominal sterna 1 and 2 complete.

Leg: long; femur swollen; tibia thick, curved; tarsomere 2 concealed by setae of tarsomere 3.

Distribution

 

India, Indonesia, New Guinea, Philippines.

World Fauna

 

Described species 27 (Staines 2012). Key: Maulik 1919, Gressitt 1957b, 1963, Gressitt & Samuelson 1988.

Hosts

 

Calamus (Araceae); Heterospathe?, Metroxylon (Arecaceae); Cyperaceae; Musa (Musaceae); Zingiberaceae.

References

 

Baly, J. S. 1858. Catalogue of Hispidae in the collection of the BritishMuseum. London, 172 pp.

Chapuis, F. 1875. in J. T. Lacordaire, Histoire naturelle des insectes. Genera des Coléoptères, Vol. 11, Famille des Phytophages, 420 pp. Encylopédique de Roret; Paris.

Gressitt, J. L. 1957b. Hispine beetles from the South Pacific (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Nova Guinea n. s. 8:205‑324.

Gressitt, J. L. 1963. Hispine beetles (Chrysomelidae) from New Guinea. Pacific Insects 5:591‑714.

Gressitt, J. L. & G. A. Samuelson. 1988. Hispinae of the New Guinea‑Solomons Area. I. Tribe Callisipini (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). BishopMuseum Occasional Papers 28:50‑64.

Maulik, S. 1919. Hispinae and Cassidinae of India, Burma and Ceylon. The fauna of British India. Taylor & Francis, London. 439 pp.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Callispini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

 

Key player updated January 2018; content updated April 2014
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