Hispines of the World

 

Dorcathispa Weise 1900c: 458

 

Synonomys

 

Hispella (Cerathispa) Weise 1900a: 213.

Dorcatispa Weise (misspelling).

Hispa (Podispa) Chapuis 1875: 335.

Type Species

 

Cerathispa alternata Weise.

Diagnosis

 

Dorcathispa can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • lateral margin of pronotum and elytra with long, stiff spines
  • antennae with antennomeres 1 to 6 with spine
  • pronotum with anterior margin with a bifurcate spine on each side
  • tarsal claws not fused, symmetrical

Description

 

Body small; subparallel; subconvex; color black; total length 3.7 to 5.2 mm.

Head: wide; vertex punctate, medial sulcus present; eye large, flattened.

Antenna: reaches to humerus; slightly expanding apically; with 11-antennomeres; antennomeres 1 to 6 with spine; 1 oblong, longer than 2; 2 obconic, ½ length of 1; 3 cylindrical, longer than 1 and 2 combined; 4 to 6 shorter, decreasing in length; 7 to 10 transverse; 11 longer than 10, pointed at apex.

Pronotum: transverse; lateral margin convergent apically, with 2 long, branched spines on common base plus a single forward curved long spine after middle (5+1); anterior angle rounded; anterior margin curved forward, with bifurcate spine on each side; posterior angle acute; posterior margin straight; surface punctate, with 2 elongate depressions after middle.

Scutellum: large, cordate.

Elytron: lateral margin straight, with slender spines of various lengths; exterior apical angle rounded, with slender spines of various lengths; apical margin rounded, with slender spines of various lengths; humerus angulate, not produced; with 8 rows of punctures plus scutellar row; disc with slender spines of various lengths.

Leg: femur robust, with spines on inner margin; tibia with small spines on inner margin; tarsal claws not fused, symmetrical.

Distribution

 

Angola, Cameroon, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Portuguese Guinea, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 3 (Staines 2012). Key: none.

Hosts

 

Sorghum, Zea (Poaceae).

References

 

Chapuis, F. 1875. in J. T. Lacordaire, Histoire naturelle des insectes. Genera des Coléoptères, Vol. 11, Famille des Phytophages, 420 pp. Encylopédique de Roret; Paris.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Cryptonychini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

Weise, J. 1900a. Einige neue Hispinen und Cassidinen von Paul Weise in Usambara gesammelt. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1900:213-217.

Weise, J. 1900c. Breschreibungen africanischer Chrysomeliden nebst synonymischen Bemerkungen. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1900:446-459.

 

Key player updated January 2018; content updated April 2014
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