Hispines of the World

 

Dicladispa Gestro 1897b: 81

 

Synonomys

 

Hispa Chapuis 1875: 333 (not Linnaeus).

Brachispa Gestro 1906b: 488.

Hispa Maulik 1919: 247 (not Linnaeus).

Dicladispa (Eutrichispa) Gestro 1923: 21.

Dicladispa (Decispa) Uhmann 1928g: 81.

Cirrispa Uhmann 1936c: 123 Nomen nudum.

Cirrispa Uhmann 1940e: 143.

Type Species

 

Hispa testacea Linnaeus.

Diagnosis

 

Dicladispa can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • lateral margin of pronotum and elytra with long, stiff spines
  • body subparallel or elongate-oval
  • antennae with 11-antennomeres, antennomere 1 without spine
  • pronotum with anterior margin without spines
  • tarsal claws totally fused, pointed at apex, with basal tooth

Description

 

Body subparallel or elongate-oval; subconvex; color variable but never metallic blue or green; total length 2.9 to 7.6 mm.

Head: vertex convex, medial sulcus present, slightly constricted toward pronotum; eye large, convex.

Antenna: reaches to humerus; thickening apically; with 11-antennomeres; antennomere 1 incrassate, without spine; 2 obconic, small; 3 to 6 slender, subcylindrical, subequal in length; 7 to 11 wider, pubescent.

Pronotum: quadrate; lateral margin sinuate, with spines mostly at base, spines variable in configuration; anterior angle rounded, with small tooth; anterior margin curved, without spines; posterior angle acute; posterior margin bisinuate; surface punctate to rugose, some species with setae.

Scutellum: small; quadrate.

Elytron: lateral margin straight or expanding apically, with long spines; exterior apical angle rounded, with spines; apical margin rounded, with spines; humerus angulate, not produced; with 8 rows of punctures plus scutellar row; disc with spines.

Leg: long; slender; femur thickened basally; tibia slightly expanding apically; tarsal claws totally fused, pointed at apex, with basal tooth.

Distribution

 

Albania, Algeria, Angola, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Bismark Islands, Botswana, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canary Islands, China, Congo, Crete, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, Eritrea, Equatorial Guinea, France, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Japan, Laos, Lebanon, Madagascar, Malaysia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Guinea, Nigeria, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Solomon Islands, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 124 (Staines 2012). Key: Maulik 1919; Gressitt 1950, 1957b, 1960a, 1960b; Uhmann 1966a; Gressitt & Kimoto 1963a; Würmli 1976b; Kimoto 1999.

Hosts

 

Halimium, Helianthemum, Pistacia (Anacardiaceae); Ageratum (Asteraceae); Cistus (Cistaceae); Carex, Cyprus, Eleocharis, Pycreus, Scripus (Cyperaceae); Crotalaria, Rhynchosia (Fabaceae); Abutilon, Malvastrum (Malvaceae); Tectona (Lamiaceae); Andropogon, Chrysopongon, Cynodon, Echinochloa, Hygroryza, Imperata, Leersia, Oplismenus, Oryza, Panicum, Paspalum, Saccharum, Sorghum, Themeda, Triticum, Vetivera, Zea, Zizania (Poaceae); Leucosidea, Malus (Roseaceae); Grewia, Triumfetta (Tiliaceae).

References

 

Chapuis, F. 1875. in J. T. Lacordaire, Histoire naturelle des insectes. Genera des Coléoptères, Vol. 11, Famille des Phytophages, 420 pp. Encylopédique de Roret; Paris.

Gestro, R. 1897b. Materiali per lo studio delle Hispidae. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (2)18(38):37-138.

Gestro, R. 1906b. Materiali per lo studio delle Hispidae XXVIII. Descrizioni di alcune Hispidae inedite. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (3)2(42):468-500.

Gestro, R. 1923. Materiali per lo studio delle Hispidae LIV. Contributi alla sistematica della Tribu e descrizione di specie nuove. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (3)11(51):5-22.

Gressitt, J. L. 1950. The hispine beetles of China (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Lingnan Science Journal 23(1-2):53-142.

Gressitt, J. L. 1957b. Hispine beetles from the South Pacific (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Nova Guinea n. s. 8:205‑324.

Gressitt, J. L. 1960a. Papuan-West Polynesian hispine beetles (Chrysomelidae). Pacific Insects 2:1-90.

Gressitt, J. L. 1960b. Hispine beetles from New Caledonia (Chrysomelidae). Pacific Insects 2:101‑123.

Gressitt, J. L. & S. Kimoto. 1963a. The Chrysomelidae (Coleopt.) of China and Korea. Part 2. Pacific Insects Monograph 1B:301‑1026.

Kimoto, S. 1999. Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. VI. Hispinae. Bulletin of the Institute of Comparative Studies of International Cultures and Societies 23: 59-159.

Maulik, S. 1919. Hispinae and Cassidinae of India, Burma and Ceylon. The fauna of British India. Taylor & Francis, London. 439 pp.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Hispini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

Uhmann, E. 1928g. Hispinen aus Ostafrika. 13. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hispinen (Col. Chrys.). Archiv für Naturgeschichte Abteilung A 92(12):65-93.

Uhmann, E. 1936c. Hispinen von der Insel Ukerewe im Viktoria-See (Ostafrika). 59. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hispinen (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Arbeiten über Morphologische und Taxonomische Entomologie aus Berlin-Dahlem 3:123-125.

Uhmann, E. 1940e. Die Genotypen der von mir aufgestellten Hispinen-Gattung. 88. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hispinen (Col. Chrys.). Entomologisk Tidskrift 61:143-144.

Uhmann, E. 1966a. Schüssel der Dicladispa-Arten des afrikanischen Festlandes. 208. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hispinae (Col. Chrysomelidae). Papéis Avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia (São Paulo) 19(1):1-36.

Würmli, M. 1976b. Die ausserafrikanischen Arten der Gattung Dicladispa Gestro, 1897 (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Hispinae). Entomologische Arbeiten aus dem Museum G. Frey 27:283-295.

 

Content last updated April 2014
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