Hispines of the World

 

Callispa (s. str.) Baly 1858: 4

 

Synonomys

 

Miltinaspis Weise 1904b: 443.

Melispa Weise 1897: 114.

Rhinocassis Spaeth 1905: 255.

Type Species

 

Callispa fortunei Baly.

Diagnosis

 

Callispa (Callispa) can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • body oval or ovate, convex
  • lateral margin of pronotum and elytra without long, stiff spines
  • pronotum with seta in each posterior angle, anterior angle distinctly rounded
  • elytra with scutellar row of punctures
  • antennae reaches to humerus, robust to thick, antennomere 3 not 3x length of 2, 3 longest
  • tarsomere 2 not concealed by setae of tarsomere 3
  • head with triangular projection between antennae, eyes large and convex
  • pronotum with distinct lateral impressions
  • suture between abdominal sterna 1 and 2 obsolete medially

Description

 

Body oblong-ovate; convex; 3 to 10 mm (mostly 4 to 6).

Head: small; with triangular projection between antennal bases; labrum elongate, subemarginate; maxillary palps large, with palpomere 1 small, 2 claviform, 3 oval, 4 ovate, pointed at apex; eye large, convex.

Antenna: reaches to humerus; robust, thick; antennomere 1 subglobose; 2 cylindrical, longer than 1; 3 as long as 1 and 2 combined; 4 to 10 decreasing in length, cylindrical; 11 longer than 10, pointed at apex.

Pronotum: transverse; convex; lateral margin rounded, margined; anterior angle rounded; anterior margin straight or slightly rounded; posterior margin bisinuate; posterior angle acute; surface with lateral impression on each side.

Scutellum: small; quadrate or triangular.

Elytron: oval, oblong; lateral margin smooth; exterior apical angle rounded; apex rounded; humerus rounded, slightly produced; with 10 row of punctures, scutellar row absent; no costae.

Venter: prosternum flat, slightly dilated apically; mesosternum same width as prosternum; suture between abdominal sterna 1 and 2 obsolete medially.

Leg: short; robust; tibia obliquely truncate at apex.

Distribution

 

Angola, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Cameroon, China, Congo, Fernando Poo, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Laos, Liberia, Malaysia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 161 (Staines 2012). Key: Maulik 1919, Spaeth 1935b, Gressitt 1950, Gressitt & Kimoto 1963a, Chen et al. 1986, Kimoto 1999.

Hosts

 

Calamus, Daemonorops (Araceae); Caryota, Cocos, Cyrtostachys, Elaeis, Iguanura, Korthalsia, Livistona, Metroxylon, Pinanga, Salacca, Syagrus, Zalacca (Arecaceae); Carex (Cyperaceae); Spathoglottis (Orchidaceae); Bambusa, Dendrocalamis, Phyllostachys, Arundinaria, Lingnania, Phragmites, Saccharum, Sinobambusa, Sinocalamus, Zea (Poaceae); Coffea (Rubiaceae).

References

 

Baly, J. S. 1858. Catalogue of Hispidae in the collection of the BritishMuseum. London, 172 pp.

Chen, S. H., P. Y. Yu, C. H. Sun, C. H. T'an, & Y. Zia. 1986. Fauna Sinica (Insecta: Coleoptera: Hispidae). Science Press, Beijing. 653 pp.

Gressitt, J. L. 1950. The hispine beetles of China (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Lingnan Science Journal 23(1-2):53-142.

Gressitt, J. L. & S. Kimoto. 1963a. The Chrysomelidae (Coleopt.) of China and Korea. Part 2. Pacific Insects Monograph 1B:301‑1026.

Kimoto, S. 1999. Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. VI. Hispinae. Bulletin of the Institute of Comparative Studies of International Cultures and Societies 23: 59-159.

Maulik, S. 1919. Hispinae and Cassidinae of India, Burma and Ceylon. The fauna of British India. Taylor & Francis, London. 439 pp.

Spaeth, F. 1905. Beschreibung neuer Cassididen nebst synonymischen Bemerkungen. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Kooniglichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 55:79-118.

Spaeth, F. 1935b. Die Afrikanischen Arten der Gattung Callispa. Stylops 4:255-260.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Callispini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

Weise, J. 1897. Kritisches Verzeichnifs der von Mr. Andrews eingesandten Cassidinen und Hispinen aus Indien. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1897:97-150.

Weise, J. 1904b Einige neue Cassidinen und Hispinen. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1904:433-452.

 

last updated April 2014
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