Hispines of the World

 

Brontispa Sharp (1903) 1904: 924

 

Synonomys

 

Bronthispa (misspelling).

Oxycephala Baly 1858: 73 (not Guérin-Méneville).

Xiphispa (Chapuis) (misidentification).

Planispa Chûjô 1937: 223.

Type Species

 

Oxycephala longissima Gestro (= Brontispa froggatti Sharp).

Diagnosis

 

Brontispa can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • lateral margin of pronotum and elytra without long, stiff spines
  • head with frontal horn between antennae, wider than long, eye prominent
  • antennae filiform, antennomere 1 without spine-like process
  • pronotum without seta in each anterior angle, anterior angle prominent, tooth-like
  • elytra with more than 8 rows of punctures basally and apically and scutellar row
  • anterior margin of prosternum not projecting forward, not partly covering mouth

Description

 

Body elongate, narrow; flattened; subparallel; color brown, sometimes with black markings; total length 5.5 to 10.5 mm.

Head: short; with quadrate cephalic plate, punctate, with medial sulcus; frontal horn narrow, elongate, rounded at apex; eye large, convex.

Antenna: filiform; reaches to humerus; with 11-antennomeres; antennomere 1 incrassate, as long as 2 and 3 combined; 4 to 10 subequal in length, each longer than 3; 11 longer than 10, pointed at apex.

Pronotum: subquadrate; lateral margin slightly sinuate, finely margined; anterior angle prominent, tooth-like, without seta; anterior margin curved; posterior angle acute; posterior margin weakly bisinuate; flattened; punctate.

Scutellum: subtriangular.

Elytron: lateral margin straight, smooth; exterior apical angle rounded; apex rounded or truncate; humerus rounded, not produced; with more than 8 rows of punctures basally and apically, scutellar row present; no costae.

Venter: anterior margin of prosternum not projecting forward, not partly covering mouth.

Leg: short; robust; femur thickened; tibia short.

Distribution

 

Australia, Bismarck Islands, Cambodia, China, Hawaii, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Marianas, Mauritius, Micronesia, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hebrides, Norfolk Island, Philippines, Rodriguez, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Tahiti, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 22 (Staines 2012). Key: Gressitt 1955, 1957b, 1960a, 1960b.

Hosts

 

Calamus (Araceae); Archontophoenix, Areca, Arenga, Balaka, Bentnickiopsis, Caryota, Chrysalidocarpus, Clinostigma, Cocos, Collinia, Dictyosperma, Exorrhiza, Freycinetia, Howea, Hyophorbe, Kentia, Latania, Mascarena, Metroxylon, Normanbya, Oreodoxa, Phoenix, Ravenea, Rhapis, Roystonea, Satakentia, Syagrus, Veitchia, Washingtonia (Aracaceae); Cyperaceae; Pandanus (Pandanaceae); Eulalia, Saccharum (Poaceae); Alpinia (Zingiberaceae).

References

 

Baly, J. S. 1858. Catalogue of Hispidae in the collection of the BritishMuseum. London, 172 pp.

Chûjô, M. 1937. Descriptions of two hispid-beetles, belonging to a new genus, from the South SeasIslands under Japanese Mandate (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Transactions of the Natural History Society of Formosa 27:222-228.

Gressitt, J. L. 1955. Insects of Micronesia Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Insects of Micronesia 17(1):1‑60.

Gressitt, J. L. 1957b. Hispine beetles from the South Pacific (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Nova Guinea n. s. 8:205‑324.

Gressitt, J. L. 1960a. Papuan-West Polynesian hispine beetles (Chrysomelidae). Pacific Insects 2:1-90.

Gressitt, J. L. 1960b. Hispine beetles from New Caledonia (Chrysomelidae). Pacific Insects 2:101‑123.

Sharp, D. 1903(1904). Description of a new genus and species of Coleoptera (Family Hispidae) from New Britain. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 1903:924-925.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Cryptonychini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

 

Key player updated January 2018; content updated April 2014
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