Hispines of the World

 

Anisodera Chevrolat 1836: 387

 

Synonomys

 

Anisodera Duponchel (misattribution).

Anisodera Baly (misattribution).

Anisodera (Lissochila) Weise 1911a: 40.

Type Species

 

Alurnus ferrugineus Fabricius.

Diagnosis

 

Anisodera can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • body more or less cylindrical
  • lateral margin of pronotum and elytra without long, stiff spines
  • head without frontal horn between antennae
  • pronotum with seta in each anterior angle
  • apex of elytra without tooth-like projection
  • elytra with costae
  • antennae not thickened apically, apical 4 antennomeres similar to others
  • labrum large, with single row of setae along anterior margin

Description

 

Large (9 to 20 mm); parallel-sided; elongate; color varies from chestnut-brown to dark brown to black; shiny.

Head: large; eye slightly convex; labrum large, notched medially, with single row of setae along anterior margin; mandible large, triangular, bidentate; maxillary palps with palpomeres 2 to 3 obconic, 4 oval.

Antenna: ½ body length; robust, filiform; with 11-antennomeres; antennomere 1 thick; 2 wider than 3; 3 longer than 2; 1 to 6 punctate, narrow; 7 to 10 cylindrical.

Pronotum: transverse; lateral margin straight; anterior margin not emarginate medially; posterior margin nearly straight; surface punctate, some species with longitudinal sulci.

Scutellum: oblong; rounded at apex.

Elytron: lateral margin straight; exterior apical angle rounded; apex rounded; strongly punctate-striate, punctures confused laterally; even interspaces costate apically.

Venter: prosternum narrow, slightly rounded between coxae.

Leg: long, robust.

Distribution

 

Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 28 (Staines 2012). Key: Maulik 1919, Uhmann 1930c, Liu 1936, Abdullah & Quresehi 1969, Chen at al. 1986, Medvedev 1992b, Kimoto 1999.

Hosts

 

Costus (Costaceae); Musa (Musaceae); Amomum, Zingiber (Zingiberaceae).

References

 

Abdullah, M. & S. S. Qureshi. 1969. A key to the Pakistani genera and species of Hispinae and Cassidinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), with description of new species from West Pakistan including economic importance. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 12:95-104.

Chen, S. H., P. Y. Yu, C. H. Sun, C. H. T'an, & Y. Zia. 1986. Fauna Sinica (Insecta: Coleoptera: Hispidae). Science Press, Beijing. 653 pp.

Chevrolat, L. A. A. 1836. in P. F. M. A. Dejean, Catalogue des Coléoptères de la collection de M. le comte Dejean. Troisième edition, revue, corrigée et augmentée, livr. 5, pp. 385‑503. Mequignon-Marvis. Paris.

Kimoto, S. 1999. Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. VI. Hispinae. Bulletin of the Institute of Comparative Studies of International Cultures and Societies 23: 59-159.

Liu, G. 1936. Catalogue of the phytophagous beetles of China. Lingnan Science Journal 15(2):249-261.

Maulik, S. 1919. Hispinae and Cassidinae of India, Burma and Ceylon. The fauna of British India. Taylor & Francis, London. 439 pp.

Medvedev, L. N. 1992b. Revision of the subfamily Hispinae (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) in the fauna of Vietnam. Part 1. pp. 127-156 In L. N. Medvedev (ed). Systematization and ecology of insects of Vietnam. Nauka, Moscow. 264 pp. [in Russian]

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Anisoderini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

Uhmann, E. 1930c. Ueber Arten der Gattungen Anisodera Chevro. und Lasichila Ws. 18. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hispinen (Col. Chrys.). Zoologische Mededeelingen 13:76-93.

Weise, J. 1911a. Coleopterorum Catalogus Chrysomelidae: Hispinae. W. Junk, Berlin. pars 35:1-94.

 

Key player updated January 2018; content updated April 2014
idtools.org