Hispines of the World


Copyright, citation, and disclaimers


Copyright notice

Unless otherwise indicated, content on this website was created and/or authored by the USDA APHIS PPQ Center for Plant Health Science and Technology (CPHST) and the National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). This content may be freely distributed or copied as in the public domain. However, it is requested that in any subsequent use of this work, CPHST and NMNH be given appropriate acknowledgement (see below).


Suggested citation

Staines, C.L. (2012). Hispines of the World. USDA/APHIS/PPQ Center for Plant Health Science and Technology and National Natural History Museum. <http://idtools.org/id/beetles/hispines/> [date you accessed site]

Image credits

All taxa images in the key and image gallery were taken by Charles Staines. The images on the home page are credited as follows, in clockwise order:

The images on the about pages are credited in the order they appear:




CPHST and NMNH do not assume any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information contained on this site.

External links

Some web pages on this site provide links to other Internet sites for the convenience of users. CPHST and NMNH are not responsible for the availability or content of these external sites, nor do they endorse or warrant the products, services, or information described or offered by these other Internet sites.


Content last updated April 2014