About this tool

Copyright, citation, and disclaimers

Copyright notice

The content in this site was created through a cooperative relationship among the USDA APHIS Identification Technology Program (ITP), Utah State University (USU), USDA APHIS PPQ, and USDA ARS. This content is in the public domain and may be freely distributed or copied. However, we ask that appropriate acknowledgement is given to the authors and their affiliations (see below), and images should be credited to the source identified within individual image captions.

This site includes content created by other individuals or institutions that may be protected by copyright. Where this content is copyrighted, it should be properly credited and users must seek permission from the appropriate copyright owners to use this material.

Suggested tool citation

Burrows, S., M. Christman, L.R. Spears, A. Smith-Pardo, S. Price, R.A. Ramirez, T. Griswold, and A.J. Redford. 2018. Exotic Bee ID. USDA APHIS Identification Technology Program (ITP), Fort Collins, CO. [date of access] <http://idtools.org/id/bees/exotic>

Image citation

The images in this tool are from a variety of sources and are credited within individual image captions.

Home page images (from left to right):

  • Chelostoma rapunculi, by linsepatron [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Osmia cornifrons, by Beatriz Moisset (own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Heriades truncorum, by Gideon Pisanty (Gidip) (own work) [CC BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Megachile sculpturalis, by Judy Gallagher [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Megachile sculpturalis, by Judy Gallagher [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Logo image: Anthidium manicatum, by Bruce Marlin (own work) [CC BY-SA 2.5 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons


While the authors have made every effort to provide accurate information in Exotic Bee ID, the authors, USU, USDA APHIS PPQ, and USDA ARS specifically disclaim all legal liability with respect to the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information contained in this tool. The authors and associated institutions shall assume no legal liability for any damages, including direct, indirect, consequential, compensatory, special, punitive, or incidental damages arising from or relating to the use of Exotic Bee ID or the information and materials provided by or linked from Exotic Bee ID. The findings and conclusions in this website have not been formally disseminated by the USDA and should not be construed to represent agency determination or policy.”

Some web pages in this tool provide links to external sites for the convenience of the users. The authors, USU, USDA APHIS PPQ, and USDA ARS are not responsible for the availability or content of these external sites, nor do the authors, USU, and USDA ARS, or USDA APHIS PPQ endorse or warrant the products, services, or information described or offered by these sites.

About this tool