Fissidens

Scientific name

Fissidens Hedw.

Common names

none

Family

Fissidentaceae

Native distribution

cosmopolitan

Species commonly cultivated

Fissidens grandifrons Brid. (North America)

Adventive distribution

none

Weed status

information not available

Habit

grows on rocks and soil, occasionally submerged

Brief description

Perennial creeping moss. Non spore-producing generation (gametophyte) is dominant, forming a dense mat of dark green, feathery stems. Stems simple or irregularly branched, branching pattern variable; elongate rhizoids along ventral surface (roots absent). Leaves distichous, alternate. Spore-producing generation (sporophyte) emersed. Dispersal by spores and stem fragments.

Natural habitat

rocks, clay soil, caves, shaded areas; grows on bare soil near water, or on shady hillsides and backyards

Additional comments

A cosmopolitan genus in the nonvascular plant phylum Bryophyta (mosses). The species cultivated are of questionable taxonomic identity. The feathery, pinnate stems are distinctive; this moss is readily identifiable.