widespread in tropical and subtropical regions of the world
Species commonly cultivated
Xyris indica L. (Asia to Australia)
information not available
Xyris indica is sometimes weedy in rice fields.
Annual or perennial. Stem a compact, erect rhizome. Leaves in a basal rosette, sheathed basally, alternate, submersed or more usually emergent; leaf blade linear or capillary. Inflorescence a compact head-like spike on elongate naked peduncle; flowers tightly packed between bracts. Sepals 3: 2 small, 1 large and hooded; petals 3, fused only at very base, large, yellow or white; stamens 3. Dispersal by seed.
Swamps, marshes, margins of lakes and rivers. Xyris indica is commonly found along sandy water courses.