Africa (Tanzania to Madagascar, Comores)
Perennial. Rhizome short, horizontal. Leaves in a rosette, petiolate, sheathed at base; stout petioles form erect (up to 4 m) pseudostem; leaf blade lanceolate to cordate, up to 1.5 m long, venation palmate; margin entire. Inflorescence a spadix, subtended by an elongate, pedunculate spathe; spadix 35-55 cm long; apex sterile, female flowers below, male in upper portion, sterile between the two. Berries large, with a single seed. Dispersal by seed.
pools and shallow water along rivers