Scientific name

Typhonodorum Schott

Common names




Could be confused with

Colocasia, Peltandra

Native distribution

Africa (Tanzania to Madagascar, Comores)

Species commonly cultivated

Typhonodorum lindleyanum Schott (tropical Sub-Saharan Africa and neighboring islands)

Adventive distribution


Weed status

not weedy


large, emergent rosette plant

Brief description

Perennial. Rhizome short, horizontal. Leaves in a rosette, petiolate, sheathed at base; stout petioles form erect (up to 4 m) pseudostem; leaf blade lanceolate to cordate, up to 1.5 m long, venation palmate; margin entire. Inflorescence a spadix, subtended by an elongate, pedunculate spathe; spadix 35-55 cm long; apex sterile, female flowers below, male in upper portion, sterile between the two. Berries large, with a single seed. Dispersal by seed.

Natural habitat

pools and shallow water along rivers

Additional comments

A large emergent aroid with very large leaves,Typhonodorum contains only a single species and is most commonly cultivated for ponds. Due to its large size, this species is not suitable for aquariums and is most commonly found as a tropical pond plant in botanical gardens.