Scientific name

Lindernia All.

Common names




Could be confused with

Bacopa, Cardamine

Native distribution

pan-tropical, warm temperate

Species commonly cultivated

Lindernia anagallis (Burm.f.) Pennell (Asia)

L. parviflora (Roxb.) Haines (Africa, Asia, Peru)

Adventive distribution

Lindernia parviflora is introduced in Peru.

Weed status

information not available


submersed, emergent, or erect stem plant.

Brief description

Annual or short-lived perennial. Stem creeping or ascending. Leaves widely spaced, opposite, decussate, sessile to short-petiolate; leaf blade entire to partially serrate. Flowers solitary in leaf axils, or in a terminal loose raceme. Sepal lobes 5; corolla tubular, 2-lipped; adaxial lip 3-lobed, spreading; abaxial lip 2-lobed. Dispersal by seed and stem fragments.

Natural habitat

shallow water and wet ground

Additional comments

rarely cultivated due to it's annual growth habit and need for bright light or emersed culture; many terrestrial species